Provincial Trawl Fisheries Management Plan in Kien Giang
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Kien Giang is a coastal province in the Mekong Delta with a great potential for fisheries economic development. In the past years, the province's fisheries has witnessed a rapid and fairly uniform development in the fields of capture fisheries, aquaculture, construction of infrastructure and fisheries services, processing and export-import of fisheries products, playing an important role in the stability and socio-economic development of the province. Kien Giang sea has mild climate and weather, few storms and tropical depressions; the depth is not huge, the seabed is low-sloping; the marine resources are diverse and abundant, stable fishing productivity; many big and small islands with some fishing ports and fisheries logistics service areas which are conducive to capture fisheries, especially trawl fishery. Kien Giang trawls started operating before the 1980s, on a small scale, with mainly coastal single trawlers having a capacity of less than 90 HP. After that, through the acquisition of fishing technology, fishing fleets with higher capacity (above 400 HP) appeared and operated in offshore areas, hundreds of miles from the shore. Especially since recent years, the trawl fishery of Kien Giang province has grown both in quantity and scale, leading to an increasing fishing pressure on marine resources and ecosystems. By the end of September 2015, the province had 10,322 vessels engaging in fishery activities (including 10,045 fishing vessels and 277 logistics service vessels) with a total capacity of 2,077,887 HP, averaging to 277 HP/unit. The capture production of all species reached 493,824 tonnes, increased by 6.64% than the same period of 2014. The number of trawlers is 3,213 units, accounting for 31.1% of the province's fishing vessels. The trawling production accounted for above 80% of the province's fish production, contributing significantly to the GDP of the agriculture sector in particular and of Kien Giang province in general, ensuring the jobs, income life for more than 70,000 workers in - and outside the province.
(2016). Provincial Trawl Fisheries Management Plan in Kien Giang. Samut Prakarn: Training Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.
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