Marine Resources and Fisheries in the Exclusive Economic Zones of Thailand
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Geographically and migratorily, there are four marine fishery resource groups in Thai waters: i) Local fish stocks, ii) Shared transboundary fish stocks, iii) Shared transboundary migratory fish stocks, these 3 fishery resource groups are found as common resources in the Gulf of Thailand where it borders the South China Seas and iv) Highly migratory fish stocks which is the one of the four groups that appear off the Andaman Sea coast of Thailand bordering the high seas of the Indian Ocean. Recommendations for management and conservation of those fish stocks are reported as follows: 1) Development of a legal framework for better promulgation and enforcement of fishery conservation measures; 2) Harmonising study of migratory paths and patterns of highly migratory species by tagging, fish population dynamics, development of fishery statistical systems and exchange of information and experience; 3) Adjust and modify fishing patterns in a way to ensure sustainability and 4) Rehabilitation of the desirable fishery resources and specialised ecosystems and introduction of new hi-tech and other methodologies such as early warning systems on oil spill contingencies and red tide phenomena, including electronic information exchange and continuous automatic monitoring of pollution levels in the EEZs and the high seas
Bhatiyasevi, U. (1997). Marine resources and fisheries in the exclusive economic zones of Thailand. In Fishery Resources and State of Stocks Exploitation in the Waters of the Gulf of Thailand, East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia and Andaman Sea (pp. 1–58). Samut Prakarn, Thailand: Training Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.
marine fisheries; fishery resources; Exclusive economic zone; pelagic fisheries; demersal fisheries; pelagic fish; demersal fish; life cycle; geographical distribution; stock assessment; catch statistics; fishing grounds; catch composition; fishing gear; commercial species; migratory species; Rastrelliger brachysoma; mackerel; Indian mackerel; Rastrelliger kanagurta; Scomberomorus commerson; Scomberomorus; tuna; Thunnus tonggol; Euthynnus affinis; Thunnus albacares; Katsuwonus pelamis; Thunnus obesus; Decapterus; sardines; Sardinella; Sardinella gibbosa; Sardinella albella; anchovies; Encrasicholina punctifer; Encrasicholina devisi; Stolephorus indicus; Stolephorus commersonii; Stolephorus chinensis; Stolephorus waitei; Encrasicholina heteroloba; Stolephorus insularis; Stolephorus tri; Saurida; Saurida undosquamis; threadfins; Nemipterus; Nemipterus hexodon; Nemipterus japonicus; Nemipterus mesoprion; sea bream; Priacanthus tayenus; squids; Loligo; Gulf of Thailand; Thailand
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