Outline of Small-scale Fishing in Eastern, Center and Southern Gulf of Thailand
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Thailand has a long coast line about 2,614 kilometers cover 23 provinces located along the coastal so that the fishing activities relate with the fisher folk more than 2,000 communities, the census of the National Statistical Office in year 2013 show the total number of fishery household is about 45,058 household involved in fisheries. In 2013, the fish production value is 104,152 million Baht approximately 10.6 percent to the Gross Domestic Product and 7.6 percent of agriculture sector (NSO, 2013) that show the fisheries sector contributed significantly to country economy, apart from generate income and employment it also supports the various fisheries industries. The small-scale fisheries in Thailand provide many livelihoods to the people living along the coast area. Small-scale fishers operate fishing in inshore water less than 3 miles from shore with no boat or using the fishing boat less than 10 gross ton and using simply fishing gear such as gill net, trap, hook and line for various target species. Nowadays, the fisheries industry is rapidly developments with the open access fishery that lead to the overfishing and decline of fisheries resources. It would be affect to small-scale fishers who exploit of the fisheries resources for their livelihood. It is an urgent need to restore the fisheries resources and solve the fisheries problem by implementing the systematic fisheries management to the fishing communities. The lack of information on the small-scale fisheries is the one factor that contributed to the difficulties in establishing fisheries management system. This paper describes a case study aimed at documenting the characteristics of small scale fisheries in Thailand, the study will fulfill the information gap on the small-scale fisheries in Thailand and provide the baseline data to develop workable management solution in case of limit resources.
Suasi, T., Tsutom, M., Hori, M., Ruangsivakul, S., Sornkliang, J., & Tiaye, R. (2016). Outline of Small-scale fishing in Eastern, Center and Southern Gulf of Thailand. SEAFDEC Technical Seminar 2016 (pp. 12-14). Samut Prakan: Training Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.
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