Large Cast Net and Anchovy Falling Net Fisheries to Economic Development: Survey in Pakklong Sub-district, Pathew District,Chumporn Province
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Large cast net and anchovy falling net fishing gears are developed and innovative technologies of fishing gears. These gears are more effective than traditional fishing gear types to catch a large volume of squid and anchovy yields. Objectives of large cast net and anchovy falling net fisheries survey are to characterize feature of community-based economic development of Pakklong Sub-District and to identify categories of large cast net and anchovy falling net operations, resource base utilization investment and needs. The surveyed results of three target villages, where are of Ban Thungmaha (Moo 1), Bam Thumthong (Moo 3) and Ban Bonrai (Moo 6), are categorized into four types. Type 1 is fishers engage in traditional fishing gear and large cast net. Type 2 is fishers employ in traditional fishing gear and large cast net and anchovy falling net. Type is fishers occupy in large cast net and anchovy falling net. Type 4 is fishers engage in large cast net only. Length of fishing boats, which exists at the target villages, are 6-9 m and 10-12m. These sizes are defined that fishers engage in four types of boat length are small-scale fishers when compares boat length with categories of boat length defined by the National Statistic Office, Dried squid and dried anchovy products are sold to patronage local fish traders both living inside and outside village. These result of the survey are fundamental information to contribute provincial fisheries officers and all stakeholders to make a plan for alleviating severe conflict of interests among resource users in Pakklong Sub-District.