The Role of Government Network for Local-wide Resource Management in the Philippines
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Development of various coastal resource management in Philippines initiates putting more emphasis on community-based coastal resource management. Variety of community-based project which is particular successful examples illustrating how communities can manage their resource usually facilitated by NGOs, academic and generating external financial support. Major influence affecting the evolution of coastal management in the Philippines is the devolution of authority from central to local government (provincial, city, and municipality). Before the passage of RA 7160, Local Government Units (LGU) gave emphasis on the delivery of services but the hampered by limited range of functions and responsibilities. Weak powers and authority also delimit their role in term of finance and local decision-making process. With the passage of RA 7160 in 1991, the Code provided stronger role of local government. The LGU of Anilao, Banate and Barotac Nuevo, in Iloilo singed the Banate Bay Resource Management Agreement of 1996. They manage the Bay and meet common area development plans through the Banate Bay Resource Management Council, Inc (BBMCI). The creation of BBMCI was mandated to prepare and implement one holistic coastal resource management plan commonly beneficial to the participating municipalities.
Larroza, M. L. B. (2003). The role of government network for local-wide resource management in the Philippines. In Proceedings of the Toward Further Development of Coastal Resource Management: Lessons gained through Locally Based Coastal Resource Management in Pathew District, Chumporn Province, Thailand (pp. 151-161). Samut Prakan, Thailand: Training Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.