Regional Cooperation for Implementation of Port State Measures to Improve Fisheries Management and Reduce IUU Fishing in Southeast Asia
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Refers to the adopted the International Plan of Action to prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (IPOA-IUU) in 2001, in which the requirement for port State measure are included. FAO has worked on the PSM to combat Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing including identified the need for human resources development to implement port State measures while developed as minimum standards - a “FAO Voluntary Model Scheme on Port State Measures” to combat Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing in 2004. Later, the FAO Conference adopted resolution 12/2009 approving the FAO Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, as a legally binding instrument in 2009. The Objective of the PSM Agreement is to “prevent illegally caught fish from entering international markets through ports”. Port State needs to take the actions on restriction of entry into port, use of port, access to port services, in addition the inspection and other enforcement activities are also mentioned in the agreement. Taking into account the important of seafood products from Southeast Asian to around the world market, trade in and out are ones of the important activities. To avoid any impact on trade as well as preventing the entry of IUU fish and fishery products either from international or intra-regional trade, the implementation of port State measures are therefore needed taking into accounts other existing regional management tools developed under the ASEAN-SEAFDEC Collaborative Framework such as ASEAN Catch Documentations, RFVR-24m, ASEAN Guidelines to prevent the entry of IUU products into the supply chain, and etc.
Saraphaivanich, K., Suthipol, Y., & Imsamrarn, N. (2016). Regional Cooperation for Implementation of Port State Measures to Improve Fisheries Management and Reduce IUU Fishing in Southeast Asia. SEAFDEC Technical Seminar 2016 (pp. 57-62). Samut Prakan: Training Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.