Biomass Estimation by Hydro-acoustic Methods in the Gulf of Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia
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The abundance of fisheries resources and their structure in the Gulf of Thailand and East coast of Peninsular Malaysia were investigated during the SEAFDEC Collaborative Research Survey. Hydro-acoustic surveying using a scientific echo sounder model FQ-70 was conducted to estimate the fish abundance and biomass. Two survey cruises were carried out by M.V.SEAFDEC during the pre and post-northeast monsoon seasons. The scientific echo-sounder was equipped with an echointegrator and two quasi-ideal beam transducers with operating frequencies of 50 and 200 kHz. The volume back scattering strength (SV) of the fish schools were collected from the layer of water at a depth from 10 m to the bottom along the track of survey cruise. The estimated biomass measured by high frequency shows clearly that a high concentration is observed at the upper and middle part of the Gulf of Thailand and the boarder area between Thailand and Malaysia waters during the pre-northeast monsoon season. Whereas, high biomass concentration shows only in the middle part of the Gulf of Thailand during the post-northeast monsoon season.
Theparoonrat, Y., Seakow, S., & Seurungreong, S. (1999). Biomass estimation by hydro-acoustic methods in the Gulf of Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia. In Proceedings of the First Technical Seminar on Marine Fishery Resources Survey in the South China Sea, Area I: Gulf of Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia, 24-26 November 1997, Bangkok, Thailand (pp. 347-366). Samutprakan, Thailand: Training Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.