FISHING GEAR AND METHODS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA: II. MALAYSIA
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In the development of the fisheries industry throughout the world the quality of the gear used is one of the most important factors. In Southeast Asia, however, the introduction of foreign or modem fishing gear may not be appropriate, either because of its high cost or its possible adverse effects on the environment. The modification of traditional gear, to improve the value of the catch, is therefore highly recommended. To do this, a detailed study on the types and styles available gear must first be undertaken. Since 1970s, the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC) through the Training Department has initiated a systematic study on the fishing gear and methods employed by fishermen in the region. The first edition for Thailand( Volume 1), Malaysia (Volume 2), Philippines (Volume 3) and Vietnam (Volume 4) have been published in 1986, 1989, 1995 and 2002 respectively. Whilst, the fifth volume covering Indonesia is in the preparation. The Fishing Gear and Methods in Southeast Asia: II, has first been published for more than a decade (i.e. 1989). The work described in the report was the result of a team effort by members of the SEAFDEC Training Department. The team had made three survey trips to cover as many fishing villages as possible throughout Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia. What appear was therefore a compilation of data, information and schematic drawings of existing fishing gear and methods. The boundaries of the study area shown on the charts that appear in the report have been drawn according to technical requirements. It contained descriptions of 247 marine fishing gears employed in the marine fisheries of Malaysia. This revised version updates the data and information that were recorded for more than a decade ago which are almost out of date. However, the schematic drawing of fishing gear and methods from the original volume are maintained, with a minimum amendment and also with additional of 9 new designs, make it comprises of 256 descriptions of the fishing gears. With its long coastline of over 4,400 kilometers, Malaysia is undoubtedly rich in marine species. Malaysia has also increased her waters four fold with the establishment 200 nautical miles zone or EEZ. The development gears and methods used are therefore essential to increase the harvest from the untapped stocks of the South China Sea, and to encourage maintenance and preservation of established fishing grounds. It is hoped that this monograph would serve as a useful reference to those who are concerned with the fisheries industry in Malaysia.