FISHING GEAR AND METHODS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA: III. PHILIPPINES PART 1
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The utilization of fisheries resources increases year by year to support the need for food in the world population. Fishing gear, the tools for harvesting the resource, are also being improved and developed. On the other hand, if it is used without a sense of resource conservation it will also be the means of destroying the resource. At present, the fisheries resource in the Southeast Asia region is heavily exploited, especially in coastal waters. In order to gain the high efficiency of fisheries development and less depletion, the fishing gear and methods of the region should be carefully studied and identify those that would contribute sustainably. Simultaneously, the fisheries industry of the region is introducing modern fishing techniques and equipment to solve the problems of crew shortage, high cost of investment, protection of the environment and resources and low process for fisheries products. These modern techniques and equipment should be suitable to the fishing condition including fishery resources in the region. The fishing gear and methods in Thailand was surveyed in 1984 and published in 1986. A similar survey was conducted in Malaysia in 1987 and published in 1989 as the second volume. The Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Training Department continued this study for the Philippines again in 1998 to 1989. 204 designs and fishing methods were collected from 7 regions of the Philippines and they were confirmed and revised again by a fishing gear specialist of the Philippines in 1995 before publishing. This volume contains description of 175 types of marine fishing gear presently employed in the marine fisheries of the Philippines. Fishing methods of twelve important types of fishing gear are also described. With the initiative of SEAFDEC, this revised volume is being made to include marine and inland fishing gear and methods from eight (8) additional regions, namely; regions II, IV, V, VI, VIII, IX, X and XI focussing on responsible fishing gear and methods. New and specific gear and methods in a particular area targeting a potential species are prioritized. A total of 756 designs of fishing gear and methods were dissected and screened for selection. The 133 selected drawings are inserted in the revised volume. Nomenclature for English and local names of the fishing gears are also added to indicate their countrywide distribution and utilization. It is hoped that this publication can serve as useful reference for those who are interested in the Philippines fisheries.